What is the difference between FET and TVET colleges?

FET includes grades 10–12 and is mainly focused on vocational and occupational aspects, including career-oriented training. In TVET, a student gets knowledge of a specific range of jobs or entrepreneurial opportunities. TVET colleges are public, and so their students are eligible for funding from the NSFAS.


TVET stands for ‘technical and vocational education and training’. It is an international educational term that is applied to certain post-school educational institutes.

The UNESCO-UNEVOC organisation defines TVET as the following:

“Technical and vocational education is used as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the educational process involving, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences, and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economic and social life.”


As already stated, TVET is an international term. It was created at the 1999 UNESCO International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education in Seoul, South Korea. Following the congress, UNESCO-UNEVOC established the International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Germany with the aim of helping Member States to promote and upgrade their vocational post-school education systems. TVET has become an international educational initiative aimed at improving vocational training programmes around the world.